The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been assessing
internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Iraq since 2003. In 2006, IOM
focused on the alarming increase in displacement due to heightened
tensions after the bombing of a shrine in Samarra on 22 February. This
event brought to light the need not only for comprehensive, thorough
monitoring of the recently-displaced populations, but also a necessity
to highlight increasing needs for assistance and donor funding.